I have some theories of my own. One, primary care is boring. It has been estimated that 90% of patients appearing in PCP offices have no treatable illnesses. This leads to another issue which is that a physician assistant or nurse practitioner can treat most of these patients, often without input from a physician. PCPs function as triage officers. If an interesting case should somehow happen along, the PCP refers the patient to a specialist who deals with the problem. Since the advent of hospitalists (physicians who restrict their practices to hospitalized patients only), PCPs are never seen in hospitals which almost guarantees that they will not be involved with anything interesting.
What is the solution? Bear with me. I will make a point eventually. About 15 years ago, medical schools in the New York City area were scrambling to climb aboard the family practice bandwagon. (Grant money was available for schools to establish departments of family practice.) This was a real problem for the schools since there were about as many family practitioners in metropolitan New York as there were blacksmiths. One school managed to set up a family practice department with a chairman who practiced in a town about 50 miles north of the city. Students were offered tuition forgiveness for the fourth year of medical school if they promised to do a family practice residency after graduation. Of some 12 initial enrollees in the program, a grand total of one ended up in family practice, proving one couldn’t even bribe students to become PCPs. I recall asking a few students why they thought the program did not work. The answer was that the new rotation in family practice was too realistic. It was as boring as actually being a family practitioner.
The solution to recruiting more students into family practice is to replicate the situation that exists in specialties the medical students highly desire like emergency medicine, anesthesiology and dermatology [the most competitive residency training program in all of medicine (see page 11)]. Most schools offer very little or no exposure to these disciplines in their curricula. Medical schools should disband their family practice departments. Thus, a mystique would be created and the students would be seduced. I believe this would work. If needed, I am available to chair a task force or blue ribbon panel on this issue.